After a hectic first fortnight at All Saints, there was no time to pause for breath. The second Saturday of July dawned bright and sunny and the first weekend team of the year got straight to work! Digging gear ready to go! Weekend Warriors Inducted, oriented and tooled up, the new team took straight to the trench. The plan of attack was to attack on two fronts, investigating two very different sequences of archaeology. Dineke, Sue and Gill get started. In the centre of the trench, Archaeology Live! Over the previous three seasons, a sequence of 19th century deposits had been excavated and the team had begun to wonder if the space had ever received a burial. As work progressed, a faint rectangular edge did eventually emerge and the new team made quick work of recording their suspected grave backfill. Recording done, it was now time to break out the trowels and start digging.
PIGEONS – EVERYTHING THERE IS TO KNOW ABOUT THE PIGEON
A Mayan Jade Hunchback The Big Sandy Point In the study of the typology of projectile points used by prehistoric Americans during the Paleo and Archaic Periods in the Carolinas and Virginia, there seems to be only four types generalized by the point bases. The lanceolate type is straight sided without any notches or stems and is primarily known for the Clovis and Dalton styles of the Paleo Period, circa 10, to 8, BC.
After the Paleo Period ended, with the demise of the large megafauna such as Mammouth, Mastodon and Giant Bison, the point types changed to notched bases and later to stemmed points. The two notched basal types included the corner notched Palmer and Kirk and the side notched styles Hardaway and Big Sandy. These all began during the earliest times in the Archaic Period with a beginning date of at least 8, BC and ending around 6, BC.
After that the stemmed type points mostly dominated for the next five or six thousand years.
The first mention of the domestication of the rock dove was found in Mesopotamian cuneiform tablets (pictographical writing on clay tablets) dating back over years.
In addition to individual sports, the list includes some names of sport groups, styles and codes. There is undoubtedly more sports than are listed here, there are many regional sports, modified rules and new sports being developed every day see new sports. There is also a comprehensive list of team sports that are played around the world. You can find even more sports described in the section about unusual sports , and there are plenty of sports that are no longer played, which we have listed as extinct sports.
How to get on this list? See What is a sport? If there is a sport not listed or incorrect, please make a comment below. I have made a list of questionable sports , those that may or may not warrant inclusion on this list.
Clay Pipes March 12, Now a piece about clay pipes may not set your pulse racing but a couple of weeks ago I went to hear a speaker at my local history society on this subject. Broseley had been a big centre of clay pipe making. My friend, Frank Taylor who found all the bits of pipe featured here, also found them fascinating. The pipes shown above are attractive finds which can tell us about the social history of the time when smoking was part of everyday life.
H. Upmann is one of the oldest cigar brands in existence, dating back to the s. It was started when Herman Upmann quit his job as a banker in the early ’s and went about opening up a .
When I first opened a tin of this, and took a huge sniff at the midnight-dark contents, my head reeled, and I experienced something approaching fear! The huge Latakia smokiness was there, richer than I had ever smelt it before, but stronger than this was a mysterious fermented, almost yeast-like smell. I can only compare it to smelling one of those powerful cheeses that one can find in Brno, in the Czech republic.
A very savoury scent, stong and intimidating. I like these cheeses though, and was only put off for a moment. The dominance of this smell faded within a few hours of the tin being open, and became detectable as something in the background of the aroma.
History of Indigenous Art in Canada
See Article History Cigar, cylindrical roll of tobacco for smoking , consisting of cut tobacco filler in a binder leaf with a wrapper leaf rolled spirally around the bunch. Wrapper leaf, the most expensive leaf used in cigars, must be strong, elastic, silky in texture, and even in colour; it must have a pleasant flavour and good burning properties.
Christopher Columbus and the explorers who followed him in Cuba , Mexico , Central America , and Brazil found that the Indians of those regions smoked a long thick bundle of twisted tobacco leaves wrapped in a dried palm leaf or corn maize husk. By the cigar had been introduced into Spain, where it was a symbol of conspicuous wealth for two centuries before it was widely used in other European countries.
Weekend Warriors. Inducted, oriented and tooled up, the new team took straight to the trench. The plan of attack was to attack on two fronts, investigating two very different sequences of archaeology.
In 7 short articles you can learn how to smoke a pipe! I encourage you to take the time to read through the Not-So Boring Guide to Pipe Smoking which is written especially for pipe smoking beginners. The guide is 6 pages and will help you choose your first pipe as well as choosing your first pipe tobacco. All the information you need to start smoking pipes is just a click away. Introduction to Pipe Smoking for Beginners Smoking pipes is really all about relaxation. Since tobacco was discovered its been a favorite pastime of men and now some women find themselves smoking a tobacco pipe.
There are really only 3 ways to smoke tobacco: The tobacco pipe is the only option which gives the smoker a lasting sense of pleasure and a total state of relaxation. A pipe is similar to a fountain pen or a fine time piece. Some even call a well-crafted pipe a work of art.
Japanese pottery and porcelain
A more advanced variety of handmade pottery, hardfired and burnished, has proved to be as early as bc. The use of a red slip covering and molded ornament came a little later. Handmade pottery has been found at Ur, in Mesopotamia, below the clay termed the Flood deposit.
In the Indian subcontinent, the word huqqa is used (Devanagari: हुक़्क़ा, Eastern Nagari: হুক্কা, Nastaleeq: حقّہ); this word is the origin of the English word “hookah”. The widespread use of the Indian word “hookah” in the English language is a result of the colonization in British India (–), when large numbers of expatriate Britons first sampled the.
When these early adventurers returned to Europe, they took both tobacco and the smoking instruments to show their fellow countrymen. Those inventive people decided they could make smoking devices for their personal use, which they did, and later made more to send back to the New World for trade and to sell. These were kaolin clay pipes of early America. There is much unknown information about just when and where the first clay smoking pipes were molded in Europe and in America.
We also know that pipes were definitely being made in England by and that around , the Englishman Robert Cotton, began molding clay pipes in Jamestown, Virginia. Most of those early pipes were probably made of common or earthenware clay rather than kaolin clay and were shaped somewhat like a modern ladle. At that time, the people of China had been making ceramic dinnerware for hundreds if not thousands of years and were using white clay named for the Chinese region where it was dug.
That region was called Gaoling or Kao-ling. Sometime after AD , a French Jesuit missionary living in China, sent samples of white Chinese made porcelain plates and bowls back to Europe. These dishes were made from the mineral kaolinite or as it was more commonly called china clay, white clay or kaolin. The European pottery makers quickly understood how this white silicate was superior to their common clay and the making of dinnerware and pipes using kaolin became a major hit.
The guide even includes an illustrated list of the different kinds of mud, which in its seriousness may be amusing to some! What might you find? Most locations have either patches or whole banks of shingle, some interspersed with areas of sand, others with areas of mud. For most visitors the fragments of clay tobacco pipe are the most memorable novelties, and a trademark of the Thames foreshore.
Pieces of pipe-stem are easy to pick up in certain areas, complete bowls less so.. There are so many fragments, not just because for more than years they were sold filled and routinely chucked when smoked, but also because the hundreds of pipe-makers working along the foreshore would likely ditch their kiln leftovers or rejects into the Thames.
This blend has been around forever, and has been enjoyed by many generations of pipe smokers. I looked up the date that it was first introduced to the market, and near as I can tell it was first introducted in
Mesopotamia In the museum at Baghdad, in the British Museum , and in the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia are finely executed objects in beaten copper from the royal graves at Ur modern Tall al-Muqayyar in ancient Sumer. This relief illustrates the high level of art and technical skill attained by the Sumerians in the days of the 1st dynasty of Ur c.
The malleability of unalloyed copper, which renders it too soft for weapons, is peculiarly valuable in the formation of vessels of every variety of form; and it has been put to this use in almost every age. Copper domestic vessels were regularly made in Sumer during the 4th millennium bc and in Egypt a little later. Egypt From whatever source Egypt may have obtained its metalworking processes, Egyptian work at a remote period possesses an excellence that, in some respects, has never been surpassed.
Throughout Egyptian history, the same smiths who worked in the precious metals worked also in copper and bronze. Nearly every fashionable Egyptian, man or woman, possessed a hand mirror of polished copper, bronze, or silver. Copper pitchers and basins for hand washing at meals were placed in the tombs. An unusual example in the Metropolitan Museum of Art is plated with antimony to imitate silver, which was very rare in the Old Kingdom c. The basins and the bodies of the ewers were hammered from single sheets of copper.
H. Upmann Cigars
What’s New At Old Dominion Pipe Company we are committed to producing only handcrafted traditional smoking pipes that give our customers the true enjoyment of smoking a pipe right out of the pages of history. While many modern pipes employ a variety of plastics, acrylics, and other modern man-made materials, our pipes are painstakingly crafted from natural materials into proven historically accurate designs.
In fact, the corn is shelled using a s era two-hole corn sheller to insure that the cobs are not damaged during the shelling process. This particular heirloom variety was first developed around the turn of the 20th century by the Missouri corn cob pipe making industry for its exceptionally large and dense cobs ideally suited for pipe making.
The history of Indigenous (Aboriginal) art in Canada begins sometime during the last Ice Age between 80, and 12, years ago. To date, however, the oldest surviving artworks (excluding finely crafted, aesthetically significant stone tools) are datable to no earlier than 5, years ago.
The Pigeon as a Source of Food: Ancient Dove Houses, Cappadocia Turkey Rock Doves are believed to have been domesticated by Neolithic man over 10, years ago, but it is likely that Stone Age man exploited pigeons for food much earlier. The rock dove would have lived alongside Stone Age man, sharing caves and roosting and breeding on cliff faces alongside man, proving easy access to pigeon nests to take eggs and squabs pigeon chicks. The first historical mention of domesticated pigeons being used for food was in Egypt in BC; a menu that included pigeon as a dish was found during an excavation.
Early Clay Pigeon Breeding Pots During another excavation of an Egyptian tomb dating back to BC the remains of a funerary meal were found which included pigeon bones, further confirming that pigeons were used for food during this period. During an excavation at Palestrina in central Italy a Roman mosaic was found, dating back to BC, depicting an early mud dovecote with entry holes in a thatched roof and pigeons flying around it and perching on it. The mosaic shows the River Nile in the foreground and it has been suggested that the doves housed in the dovecote may also have been used to send messages giving advance warning of the flooding of the Nile.
The Sicilian historian Diadorous, writing about an even earlier period circa BC , also described a mud building with a reed thatched roof that was used to house domesticated pigeons. Dovecote in Karanis Egypt AD 65 Although little is known of the domestication of the pigeon in China, an excavation of a tomb at Chang-Chou, near Honan, dating back to the 1st century AD found pigeon lofts built into towers around a central courtyard.
This appears to confirm that pigeons were domesticated over two thousand years ago in China and used either for food or for sacrifice, or possibly as messengers. In the same century, the Roman writer Varro, who wrote extensively about animal husbandry, described the domestic pigeon in some detail and the types of buildings in which they were housed. His description of the interiors of the lofts or dovecotes are quite detailed, describing the ledges upon which the birds roosted and bred as well as the smooth surfaces around flight holes designed to deny access to predators.
He also confirmed that pigeon cotes were numerous, with some housing as many as birds. Pigeons were also mentioned in cookery books written by the Roman gourmet Apicius, dating back to the 1st century AD, confirming that the birds were considered to be a delicacy.
Medium to Full Pleasant I received my first tin of this as a Xmas present. The first Xmas I had after meeting my wife she gave me one of this as well as a tin of Irish whisky. Myself being of Scottish descent, and her being of Irish she felt it was somewhat symbolic I think. I thanked her for it and it was appreciated. I came to like it so much it became my daily for about 6 months. When I opened the tin, I was greeted by a wave of heavenly aroma.
Cigar smoking and pipe smoking tend to be taken up later in life than cigarette smoking, and cigar smokers and pipe smokers are less likely to inhale the smoke. As a consequence, the overall rate of addiction to cigars or pipes appears to be less.
The lithostratigraphy of the latest Triassic to earliest Cretaceous of the English Channel and its adjacent areas. Published by the Geological Society of London. It is a substantial paper 61 pages long with 26 diagrams. It is very good with much information, including facies and thickness maps, diagrams showing sea-level changes etc. It is easily readable by anyone who already knows the general geological succession and zonal schemes of the Dorset Coast.
Ainsworth, William Braham, F. The stratigraphy of the latest Triassic through to the earliest Cretaceous of the Portland – Wight Basin and its adjacent area may be subdivided using petrophysical gamma ray and interval transit time criteria, in association with gross lithology to allow a total of 50 lithological units to be recognised. Three units occur within the latest Triassic, 46 in the Jurassic and one in the earliest Cretaceous. The lithostratigraphy can be integrated into a biostratigraphic template using published data and subsequent observations based on micropalaontology ostracods, foraminiferids and palynology dinocysts, miospores.
Throughout the study area recognition of major lithostratigraphic and biostratigraphic events enables the chronostratigraphic framework of the basin to be determined, which has aided identification of regional stratigraphic breaks throughout much of the Portland – Wight Basin, including haiti in proximity to the Pliensbachian – Toarcian and the Aalenian – Bajocian boundaries, and also within the late Oxfordian.
While far from exhaustive, this small book offers many helpful tips on pipe making with minimal tooling. The Dan Pipe Hobby Catalog has some good basic information as well. Because some ultra high grade pipes sell for thousands of dollars, it is tempting for the uninitiated to think they may be able to get rich making pipes, or at least make a decent living. Relatively few pipe makers make their primary living as pipe makers, and it is a very small handful of pipe makers that sell in the upper price ranges.
Learn how to do just about everything at eHow. Find expert advice along with How To videos and articles, including instructions on how to make, cook, grow, or do almost anything.
You can help by adding to it. December Inlayed Pipe Bowl with Two Faces, early 19th century, Brooklyn Museum Some Native American cultures smoke tobacco in ceremonial pipes , and have done so since long before the arrival of Europeans. Other American Indian cultures smoke tobacco socially. Tobacco was introduced to Europe from the Americas in the 16th century and spread around the world rapidly.
As tobacco was not introduced to the Old World until the 16th century,  the older pipes outside of the Americas were usually used to smoke various other substances, including hashish , a rare and expensive substance outside areas of the Middle East, Central Asia and India, where it was then produced. Typically this is accomplished by connecting a refractory ‘bowl’ to some sort of ‘stem’ which extends and may also cool the smoke mixture drawn through the combusting organic mass see below.
Parts[ edit ] Parts of a pipe include the 1 bowl, 2 chamber, 3 draught hole, 4 shank, 5 mortise, 6 tenon, 7 stem, 8 bit or mouthpiece , 9 lip, and 10 bore.